Ammonium chloride

White crystalline solid with salty taste.

Ammonium chloride, with the chemical formula NH4Cl, is a white crystalline compound. It has a strong affinity for moisture and can sublimate when heated. It is soluble in water and forms an acidic solution due to the presence of ammonium ions (NH4+) and chloride ions (Cl-).

Energy Sector

Ammonium chloride has limited direct applications in the oil and gas industry, but it can play a supporting role in certain processes. It can be used as a clay stabilizer in drilling fluids to control clay hydration and swelling. Additionally, it can act as a catalyst or part of catalyst systems in oil refining operations, enhancing the efficiency of chemical reactions. While not a corrosion inhibitor itself, ammonium chloride can be included in corrosion inhibitor formulations to protect metal surfaces from corrosive elements. Overall, ammonium chloride’s significance in the oil and gas sector lies in its supportive contributions to drilling, refining, and corrosion protection processes.

Water Treatment

Ammonium chloride finds numerous applications in water treatment processes, contributing to the purification and quality control of water. It is commonly used for pH adjustment, as its acidic properties allow for effective control and maintenance of desired pH levels. Additionally, ammonium chloride acts as a coagulant aid, enhancing the coagulation and flocculation processes by promoting the destabilization and aggregation of suspended particles for efficient removal. Its anti-corrosion properties make it valuable in protecting metal infrastructure by forming a protective layer on surfaces, reducing the risk of corrosion. Ammonium chloride is also utilized in the regeneration of ion exchange resins, facilitating the exchange of undesirable ions for the removal of contaminants from water. Moreover, it serves as a laboratory reagent for water analysis, aiding in the accurate determination of various parameters. Overall, ammonium chloride plays a significant role in different aspects of water treatment, ensuring the provision of clean and safe water for various applications.

CAS No.: 12125-02-9


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