Formic acid

Colorless liquid with a pungent odor.

Formic acid is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor. It is an organic acid that is widely used in various industrial applications, including as a preservative, disinfectant, and reducing agent. It can also be used as a coagulant in the production of rubber, leather, and textiles, and as a catalyst in chemical reactions.

Energy Sector

Formic acid is widely used in the oil and gas industry for its versatile properties. It serves as a corrosion inhibitor, acidizing agent, and reducing agent, protecting metal surfaces, enhancing production, and aiding in drilling fluid cleanup. It finds applications in gas sweetening and desulfurization processes, as well as in well completion fluids. With its diverse uses, formic acid plays a crucial role in various oil and gas operations, contributing to efficient and sustainable oil and gas production.


Formic acid is extensively used in the textiles industry as a dyeing and printing agent, pH regulator, buffer, and reducing agent. It helps fixate colors on textiles, improves color fastness, regulates pH levels, and aids in textile bleaching for impurity removal and enhanced brightness. Its versatility makes it a valuable ingredient in various textile processing applications, contributing to high-quality textile production.


Formic acid finds diverse applications in the pharmaceutical industry as a pH regulator, acidifier, preservative, and catalyst. It is used to achieve the desired pH in drug formulations, prevent microbial growth, and catalyze chemical reactions during drug synthesis. Its versatile properties make it an essential ingredient in pharmaceutical formulations, contributing to the production of safe and effective medications.

CAS No.: 64-18-6


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