Xanthan gums

White, odorless powder; thickening agent.

Xanthan gum is a high molecular weight heteropolysaccharide produced by Xanthomonas campestris. It forms a three-dimensional network of polymer chains in solution through hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions, providing viscosity and shear-thinning properties. Xanthan gum has many industrial applications due to its unique properties, including food and beverage, oil drilling, and pharmaceutical industries.

Energy Sector

Xanthan gum is a versatile polymer that finds many uses in the energy sector. In the oil and gas industry, xanthan gum is often used as a viscosifier and fluid control agent to improve the performance of drilling fluids. By adding xanthan gum to the drilling mud, the viscosity can be increased, which helps to transport drilling cuttings to the surface more efficiently. Xanthan gum is also used as a fracturing fluid additive in hydraulic fracturing operations to enhance proppant transport and reduce fluid loss. Another application of xanthan gum in the energy sector is in enhanced oil recovery operations. In this process, xanthan gum is added to injection water to increase its viscosity, which improves the displacement efficiency and enhances oil recovery. Additionally, as a cement retarder, xanthan gum is utilized to modulate the setting time of cement slurries in well cementing operations, ensuring optimal placement and integrity of the cement sheath in downhole conditions. This function is critical in achieving zonal isolation and wellbore stability, further underlining xanthan gum’s multifaceted role in the industry. Moreover, xanthan gum is considered an environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic polymers that are commonly used in the industry, as it is biodegradable and non-toxic. Overall, xanthan gum has become an important ingredient in the energy sector, offering a range of benefits in drilling, fracturing, and enhanced oil recovery operations, as well as in cementing processes. Its versatility, non-toxicity, and environmental sustainability make it a valuable resource for the industry.


Xanthan gum is widely used in the food industry as a thickening, stabilizing, and emulsifying agent. It is often used in low-fat and gluten-free food products, where it can replace the textural properties of fats or gluten. Xanthan gum can also improve the stability and appearance of emulsions and suspensions, preventing separation or settling of the components. In addition, xanthan gum can be used to improve the texture of ice cream, providing a creamy mouthfeel and reducing ice crystal formation. It can also improve the quality of baked goods by retaining moisture and enhancing dough strength. Xanthan gum is approved for use in food products by various regulatory agencies, including the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Union. Its safety and efficacy have been well established, making it a popular and widely used ingredient in the food industry.


Xanthan gum is a commonly used ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry due to its unique properties, such as its high viscosity, stability, and compatibility with a wide range of chemicals. One of the primary applications of xanthan gum in the pharmaceutical industry is as a binder in tablet formulations, where it helps to hold the active ingredients together and improve the mechanical strength of the tablets. It is also used as a suspending agent to keep solid particles in suspension in liquid formulations. In addition, xanthan gum can be used as a thickener in liquid formulations, such as syrups and suspensions. It is often added to eye drops and ophthalmic formulations to improve their viscosity and enhance the retention time on the surface of the eye.

CAS No.: 11138-66-2


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